The most common causes of kidney disease are hypertension and diabetes. These two diseases can affect every organ in the body. If not well controlled, either of these conditions can result in kidney failure and dialysis. Other diseases that attack multiple organs including the kidney are lupus, HIV and viral hepatitis.
What diseases affect the kidneys?
What are the symptoms of kidney disease?
Symptoms can include blood in the urine or urine that is foamy, fatigue, high blood pressure, weight loss, ankle swelling from retained fluid, anemia, nausea or vomiting. Kidney disease is often silent until late in the course and after severe damage has occurred.
What can I do to protect my kidneys?
Stop smoking, maintain a healthy weight, and exercise. Talk to your doctor about ways to adjust your diet. Other important aspects of kidney therapy are careful regulation of blood pressure if you have hypertension, and tight control of your blood sugar if you are diabetic.
How does high blood pressure affect the kidney?
High blood pressure (also called hypertension) damages the kidney’s blood-filtering units so the blood doesn’t get cleaned. Eventually, this type of damage can cause irreversible shutdown of the kidneys